Elements of Decor

Your first step should be to select a style for your home interior. It will promote the design principle of unity and harmony, thinking of the entire home with a unifying theme. It can be as simple as choosing shabby chic instead of formal or traditional instead of contemporary. From there, you can refine it to a more specific style, such as French country, Tuscan, or modern Victorian.

Balance is another principle—distributing the visual weight in a room. You can do it symmetrically, as is common in traditional interiors or with asymmetrical balance as seen in casual interiors. 

Bohemian living room interior 3d render with beige colored furniture and wooden elements

Within each room, there should be a focal point. In a living room, it could be the fireplace or a piece of art. It sets itself apart by scale, color, or texture.

Contrast and variety add visual interest to a room. Keep a rhythm in mind with repeating elements of the same color, texture, or pattern and a progression of sizes or colors.


Choosing a color palette is an essential part of interior design. While you could have a different style and color scheme in each room, often, you will want to tie the whole dwelling together. Consider the right colors for a small space and colors and patterns for a large room.


Mixing patterns in home decor is one of the more advanced parts of interior design. Prints do not have to match, but they need to complement and coordinate. It is done by considering color, size, and scale.

Tips to Get Started With Your Decor

A significant pitfall that traps untrained decorators is editing. A good interior decorator can scan a room and understand what items work and when something is too much, tasteful, or requires embellishment. A few tips in this area can make or break your room’s design choices.

One room element that can usually use an editorial eye is placing pillows. Pillows can be a lovely accent adding to the room’s color story, or in some cases, even create a focal point for the room. However, some people tend to overdo it with pillows. Avoid overloading a sofa because guests have to move all the pillows to sit down.

Choices of artwork can be necessary for a room, but consider how you display it equally. A rule of thumb is to set wall hangings at eye level. Similarly, the height you set the chandelier matters. People commonly mistake hanging a chandelier too high or close to the ceiling. Drop it low enough to bring light into the room and is noticed. If you turn it above a table, make sure that your taller guests cannot knock into it when you sit up from the table.

home design


The traditional style offers comfort, orderly decorations, and predictable rooms. Furnishings air on the side of a classic rather than out-of-the-box to keep things simple, matched, and consistent. If you want a place that feels homey and welcoming, consider a traditional style with wood furniture, crown moldings, and accessories like framed prints and china vases.


 Contemporary homes feature clean lines, a deliberate texture, and a modern look that doesn’t feel trendy or risk quickly going out of style. Stylish rooms usually contain an element of surprise, and those who like their homes to make artistic statements often lean toward a contemporary aesthetic.​


Celebrating contrasts and using handmade items will bring an eclectic feel to the home. Select patterns, shapes, textures, finishes, and colors that go together to bring in the whole look. Don’t be afraid to take chances for an eclectic style.

Modern Farmhouse

You can thank everyone’s favorite shiplap fan Joanna Gaines for the rise of modern farmhouse style. A slightly upgraded take on the traditional “shabby creative” look, modern farmhouse decor uses many reclaimed wood materials, salvaged pieces, and country or barn details throughout the home. Think sliding barn doors instead of closet doors or wide-plank floors instead of narrower floorboards.


When it comes to coastal decor, think warm whites, natural light, and soft, ocean-inspired hues. Materials such as wood and terra cotta are common in coastal-style homes, and much of the design focuses on blending indoors without. Focus on soft colors and mix in natural elements like palms or driftwood.

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